STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics)

STEM is an educational program developed to prepare primary and secondary students for
college, graduate study, and careers in the fields of science, technology, engineering and
mathematics (STEM). In addition to subject-specific learning, STEM aims to foster inquiring
minds, logical reasoning, and collaboration skills.
The goal of STEM programs is to increase the supply of qualified high-tech workers in the
Pakistan, bolster innovation, improve the country’s competitive position globally and strengthen
economic growth. STEM gained importance in the early 2000s following the publication of several
reports. STEM emphasized the importance of science and technology jobs in fostering innovation,
addressing societal problems and maintaining country’s prosperity.
The Kohsar University, Murree focus on the STEM programs included the following seven
standards of practice or skill necessary in a STEM program:
• learn and apply content
• integrate content
• interpret and communicate information
• engage in inquiry
• engage in logical reasoning
• collaborate as a team
• apply technology appropriately

Importance of STEM

STEM in higher education teaches students to think critically, prepares them for careers and
creates professionals that can work across scientific disciplines to solve challenging problems.
STEM integrates multiple disciplines and trains students to use cross-disciplinary knowledge to
solve problems. Additionally, STEM students take a rigorous and varied course load and develop
a strong work ethic.
STEM programs promote a learn-by-doing approach. Students participate in real-world projects
with real-world consequences. For example, students often participate in university research
programs. This approach allows students to learn while also taking an active role in the
development of emerging technology and groundbreaking research.
Kohsar University Murree has established STEM Labs for an active participation in scientific